first_imgWednesday Nov 14, 2012 WIN tickets to watch England vs Australia at Twickenham! We’ve teamed up with the good people at RBS to supply two lucky winners with a pair of tickets to watch England host the Wallabies in their massive clash this coming weekend at Twickenham.Match details:England vs AustraliaSaturday, 17 November | Twickenham | Kick off: 14:30 GMTTo be in with a chance of winning, submit your details below, and we’ll do the draw on Friday. Get your friends to enter too by sharing this page, or simply hitting the Facebook Like button below. Keep an eye on our Twitter and Facebook feeds to see when the draw takes place. Tickets will be collected from the ground on Saturday, so make sure you and your significant other are available.The competition is now closed! Thanks for those that entered. The winners have been notified. ADVERTISEMENTGood luck! Posted By: rugbydump Share Send Thanks Sorry there has been an error Competition Related Articles 182 WEEKS AGO WIN: Rugby Nations 18 mobile game 184 WEEKS AGO WIN: George North signed Wales shirt PLUS… 200 WEEKS AGO WIN the new England 2017-2018 home jersey… From the WebThis Video Will Soon Be Banned. Watch Before It’s DeletedSecrets RevealedUrologists Stunned: Forget the Blue Pill, This “Fixes” Your EDSmart Life ReportsYou Won’t Believe What the World’s Most Beautiful Girl Looks Like TodayNueeyGranny Stuns Doctors by Removing Her Wrinkles with This Inexpensive TipSmart Life ReportsIf You Have Ringing Ears Do This Immediately (Ends Tinnitus)Healthier Living30+ Everyday Items With A Secret Hidden PurposeNueeyThe content you see here is paid for by the advertiser or content provider whose link you click on, and is recommended to you by Revcontent. As the leading platform for native advertising and content recommendation, Revcontent uses interest based targeting to select content that we think will be of particular interest to you. We encourage you to view your opt out options in Revcontent’s Privacy PolicyWant your content to appear on sites like this?Increase Your Engagement Now!Want to report this publisher’s content as misinformation?Submit a ReportGot it, thanks!Remove Content Link?Please choose a reason below:Fake NewsMisleadingNot InterestedOffensiveRepetitiveSubmitCancellast_img read more

first_img 2013 Photographs ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/782922/ca-house-jacobsen-arquitetura Clipboard ArchDaily “COPY” CA House / Jacobsen ArquiteturaSave this projectSaveCA House / Jacobsen Arquitetura Area:  886 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project CA House / Jacobsen Arquitetura CopyAbout this officeJacobsen ArquiteturaOfficeFollowProductsWoodGlassSteel#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesBragança PaulistaBrazilPublished on March 01, 2016Cite: “CA House / Jacobsen Arquitetura” 01 Mar 2016. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogMetal PanelsAurubisCopper Alloy: Nordic BrassGlassMitrexSolar GreenhouseLouvers / ShuttersTechnowoodSunshade SystemsFaucetsDornbrachtKitchen Fittings – EnoWoodSculptformTimber Tongue and Groove CladdingMembranesEffisusFaçade Fire Weatherproofing Solutions in Design District Project LondonHanging LampsLouis PoulsenPendant Lights – KeglenBlinds / Mosquito Nets / CurtainsBANDALUXPleated ShadesEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesFranken-SchotterFacade System –  LINEAWoodBlumer LehmannCNC Production for Wood ProjectsMaterials / Construction SystemsCaneplex DesignPoles – Tonkin BambooFibre Cement / ConcreteTegralFibre Cement Slate Roofing – Thrutone Endurance SmoothMore products »Save想阅读文章的中文版本吗?晶莹剔透的房子 / Jacobsen Arquitetura是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream Save this picture!© Leonardo Finotti+ 15 Share Architects: Jacobsen Arquitetura Area Area of this architecture project Year:  CopyHouses•Bragança Paulista, Brazil Photographs:  Leonardo Finotti Author:Paulo Jacobsen and Bernardo JacobsenTeam:Edgar Murata, Daniel Vanucchi, Christian Rojas, Rafael Henrique de OliveiraInterior Design:Jacobsen ArquiteturaAuthor (Interior Design):Eza ViegasTeam (Interior Design):Caroline de Oliveira, Silvia FernandezLandscape Design:Gil FialhoLighting Design:Studio IxFacilities:Ramoska & CastellaniAir Conditioning:ArcontermaStructure:Leão & AssociadosContruction:CPA EngenhariaAudio And Video:Raul DuarteDesign Office:Jacobsen ArquiteturaCity:Bragança PaulistaCountry:BrazilMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Leonardo FinottiRecommended ProductsEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesFranken-SchotterFacade System –  LINEADoorsC.R. LaurenceCRL-U.S. Aluminum Entice Series Entrance SystemDoorsVEKADoors – VEKAMOTION 82DoorsRabel Aluminium SystemsMinimal Sliding Door – Rabel 62 Slim Super ThermalText description provided by the architects. This house was set according to the site´s contour lines, solar exposure and remarkable panoramic view, which led mainly to a one story house conceived by a “Z” shape floor plan.Save this picture!© Leonardo FinottiWe divided the program into three areas: Social, Private and Service. Each one occupying an independent volume due to the non-orthogonal angles in which the house is drawn, allowing us to accommodate the service sector at the site´s highest plot, as well as to face living-rooms, verandas and pool towards the view, lapping the bedrooms over the natural terrain slope in a manner to create a lower floor supported by slender columns.Save this picture!© Leonardo FinottiSave this picture!Ground Floor PlanSave this picture!© Leonardo FinottiThe social area is crystal-clear and opened to the exterior. It´s architecture is solely conceived by a light-structured, slightly inclined roof also oriented to the view, creating a balcony all along its length.Save this picture!© Leonardo FinottiPrivate and service volumes are defined by articulated metallic panels, providing either privacy and natural light. The brises, arranged unevenly, are intended to bring lightness to architecture, as if they were made of fabric or some other pliable matter. Interior design includes furniture signed by Sérgio Rodrigues, Carlos Mota and Mônica Cintra.Save this picture!© Leonardo FinottiProject gallerySee allShow lessDrivhus – Planning & Administrative Offices for the City of Stockholm / UD Urban Des…Unbuilt ProjectLorette Convent – Apartments Drbstr / dmvASelected Projects Share Brazil ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/782922/ca-house-jacobsen-arquitetura Clipboard Projects “COPY” Houseslast_img read more

first_imgManufacturers: AutoDesk, CASTEL, Cesantoni, Google, Lamosa Lead Architects: Apartments Arquitectos a Cargo: Eduardo Mendoza, Ramiro Mendoza Year:  ArchDaily Save this picture!© Apertura Arquitectónica+ 30Curated by Clara Ott Share Projects “COPY” CopyApartments•Mexico City, Mexico ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/938129/oriente-430-building-taller-eme Clipboard Oriente 430 Building / Taller emeSave this projectSaveOriente 430 Building / Taller eme Oriente 430 Building / Taller eme CopyAbout this officeTaller emeOfficeFollow#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousingApartmentsMexico CityOn FacebookMexicoPublished on April 23, 2020Cite: “Oriente 430 Building / Taller eme” [Edificio Oriente 430 / Taller eme] 23 Apr 2020. ArchDaily. Accessed 10 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogBathroom AccessorieshansgroheBath & Shower ThermostatsGlass3MGlass Finish – FASARA™ NaturalPartitionsSkyfoldVertically Folding Operable Walls – Mirage®WindowsVitrocsaSliding Window – Mosquito NetSinksBradley Corporation USASinks – Verge LVG-SeriesMetal PanelsTrimoQbiss One in Equinix Data CentreSignage / Display SystemsGoppionDisplay Case – Q-ClassMetal PanelsLongboard®Aluminum Battens – Link & Lock – 4″Sports ApplicationsPunto DesignPunto Fit in Ekaterinburg Public SpaceWoodBlumer LehmannFree Form Structures for Wood ProjectsKnobsKarcher DesignDoor Knob K390 (50)TablesVitsœ621 Side TableMore products »Save世界上最受欢迎的建筑网站现已推出你的母语版本!想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream City:Mexico CityCountry:MexicoMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!Recommended ProductsWindowsAccoyaAccoya® Windows and DoorsWindowsFAKRORoof Windows – FPP-V preSelect MAXWoodParklex International S.L.Wood cladding – FacadeWindowsOTTOSTUMM | MOGSWindow Systems – BronzoFinestra B40Text description provided by the architects. Located east of Mexico City, Oriente 430 arises in response to the importance of exploring the re-densification of popular neighbourhoods such as Agrícola Oriental. The commission consisted of renovating an existing house as a recycling strategy that seeks to promote the generation of decent housing in this area.Save this picture!© Apertura ArquitectónicaSave this picture!Floor PlanSave this picture!© Apertura ArquitectónicaThe project is made up of six apartments, which range between 38 and 70 m2, distributed in two blocks, separated by a core of vertical circulations and a courtyard that allows better ventilation and lighting within the complex.Save this picture!© Apertura ArquitectónicaSave this picture!Floor PlanSave this picture!© Apertura ArquitectónicaThe building is organized in different typologies, in order to satisfy the diverse needs of the users. Two apartments are distributed on two floors, where the social area is on the first level, while the private area is on the second level. The remaining four apartments are developed on one floor.Save this picture!© Apertura ArquitectónicaSave this picture!SectionSave this picture!© Apertura ArquitectónicaOne of the premises of the project was to respect the urban context of the area, resulting in the creation of a sober but aesthetic facade, managing to preserve the privacy of the apartments, thus granting better living spaces in this area.Save this picture!© Apertura ArquitectónicaAmong the materials used in the project bare concrete, steel, aluminium enclosures and gates predominate, generating a project that allows the least possible maintenance. The use of vegetation provided a contrast to the colours used in the project.Save this picture!Project gallerySee allShow lessPeople to Reclaim Streets in Milan in Post Covid-19 Vision of the CityArchitecture NewsMecanoo Wins International Competition to Design the Senezh Management LAB Campus in…Architecture NewsProject locationAddress:Mexico City, CDMX, MexicoLocation to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address. Share “COPY” 2020 Photographs Photographs:  Apertura Arquitectónica Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project Mexico Architects: Taller eme Area Area of this architecture project Area:  375 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/938129/oriente-430-building-taller-eme Clipboardlast_img read more

first_img  87 total views,  1 views today Howard Lake | 22 January 2018 | News Before making a donation, potential donors should ensure they are satisfied that the organisation they are making a donation to is a registered Irish charity.Leaflets and bags received for clothing collections from registered charities should clearly display the charity’s name, logo, registered charity number and the contact details for the charity.Last September the Regulator issued a warning about shops operating as ‘charity’ shops without being registered and subsequently a number ceased trading.How to give to charities safely at Christmas – Irish Charities Regulator (20 December 2017) The Charities Regulator in Ireland has urged the public to take steps to ensure that unwanted clothing and other items they intend to donate to charity through house-to-house collections actually go to registered charities.“Our compliance team received a steady flow of concerns from the public during 2017 about individuals and organisations who are carrying out house-to-house collections, but are not registered charities,” Charities Regulator Chief Executive John Farrelly said.“In many cases people are donating valuable items and, if they want these to go to charity, they must be vigilant,” he said.SEE ALSO: Clothes Aid animation encourages January clear-out (12 January 2017)During 2017 the Charities Regulator said it received 30 reports from the public, expressing concern about people and/or organisations operating house-to-house collections of unwanted clothing and other goods, and whether or not they were registered charities.Mr Farrelly said” “We are concerned not only by the quantity of reports we are receiving, but also the increasing trend in this regard.” In response to public concerns, the Charities Regulator has published an update on the issue: Advertisement  88 total views,  2 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis5 AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis5 Make sure charity shops donations go to charity, says Irish regulator Tagged with: Charities Regulator in Ireland charity shops Donated goods About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving.last_img read more

first_img Reporters Without Borders (RSF) and the family of Guy-André Kieffer, a Franco-Canadian journalist who disappeared in Côte d’Ivoire in 2004, urge the Ivorian authorities to comply without further delay with the formal request they received a year ago from two French judges in charge of France’s investigation into his disappearance. Reports Côte d’IvoireAfrica to go further The Ivorian authorities have still not responded to the request sent on 23 February 2015 by the two French investigating judges, Cyril Paquaux and Gaëlle Beuf, who asked them to question several people including the former first lady and other former officials who could shed light on Kieffer’s fate.A French and Canadian dual national based in Abidjan, Kieffer was investigating shady practices in the production and export of cocoa when he was kidnapped on 16 April 2004. He has been missing ever since.The civil parties who are registered in the case, were briefed by Paquaux and Beuf on 3 February about the current state of the investigation. It was their first meeting with the judges since Paquaux was assigned to the case in 2014.The association Vérité pour Guy-André Kieffer joins RSF and the Kieffer family in urging the Ivorian authorities to act at once on the year-old request from the French judges.“President Alassane Ouattara has personally undertaken on several occasions to both Osange Silou-Kieffer and RSF to shed all possible light on Guy-André Kieffer’s disappearance,” said Clea Kahn-Sriber, the head of RSF’s Africa desk. “One of these occasions was during a meeting with RSF secretary-general Christophe Deloire in Abidjan in 2014.“Now that the Ivorian government is well established and stable, it is important to act on these promises and question the witnesses again. The Kieffer family, RSF and the association Vérité pour Guy-André Kieffer call on the authorities to comply as quickly as possible with the formal request from the French judges, so that they can advance the investigation, which has been stalled for several years.”Inter alia, the French judges have asked the Ivorian authorities to question former First Lady Simone Gbagbo, currently detained in Côte d’Ivoire, her former security chief, Anselme Yap Seka, also under judicial control, her brother-in-law, Michel Legré, and former Ivorian intelligence officer Jean Tony Oulaï.Côte d’Ivoire is ranked 86th out of 180 countries in the 2015 Reporters Without Borders press freedom index.For more information on the Kieffer case, click here. The 2020 pandemic has challenged press freedom in Africa RSF_en Côte d’IvoireAfrica Help by sharing this information November 27, 2020 Find out more News February 10, 2016 – Updated on March 8, 2016 RSF asks Côte d’Ivoire to comply with Kieffer case request from French judges October 29, 2020 Find out more News Follow the news on Côte d’Ivoire Organisation RSF’s recommendations for protecting press freedom during Côte d’Ivoire’s elections Threats against journalists in run-up to Côte d’Ivoire’s presidential election News Receive email alerts October 16, 2020 Find out morelast_img read more

first_imgAccreditation Association for Ambulatory Health CareAccreditation CanadaACHS InternationalAcreditas GlobalAmerican Accreditation Commission InternationalAmerican Association for Accreditation of Ambulatory Surgery FacilitiesAmerican Nurses Credentialing CentreCHKSCOHSASADNV-GL HealthcareEuropean Aeromedical InstituteEuropean co-operation for AccreditationEuropean Historic Thermal Towns AssociationEuropean Society for Quality in HealthcareEuropean Spas AssociationGlobal Clinic RatingGlobal Healthcare Accreditation ProgrammeGlobal Healthcare Travel CouncilHaute Autorite de SanteHealing Hotels of the WorldHealthcare Facilities Accreditation ProgrammeInternational Hospital FederationInternational Medical Spa AssociationInternational Organization for StandardisationInternational Society for Quality in Health CareInternational Society for Quality in Health Care External Evaluation OrganisationInternational Society of Aesthetic Global SurgeryInternational Society of Hair Restoration SurgeryInternational Spa AssociationJoint Commission InternationalKTQ InternationalLeading Doctors of the WorldLeading Hospitals of the WorldLeading Hotels of the WorldMedical Travel Quality AllianceRoyal College of SurgeonSafeCareSwiss Leading HospitalsTemosWellness Tourism AssociationWorld Federation of Chinese Medicine Societies For more information about this report visit https://www.researchandmarkets.com/r/f208yj View source version on businesswire.com:https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210225005788/en/ CONTACT: ResearchAndMarkets.com Laura Wood, Senior Press Manager [email protected] For E.S.T Office Hours Call 1-917-300-0470 For U.S./CAN Toll Free Call 1-800-526-8630 For GMT Office Hours Call +353-1-416-8900 KEYWORD: INDUSTRY KEYWORD: GENERAL HEALTH OTHER HEALTH HEALTH OTHER TRAVEL TRAVEL SOURCE: Research and Markets Copyright Business Wire 2021. PUB: 02/25/2021 10:39 AM/DISC: 02/25/2021 10:39 AM http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210225005788/en Pinterest Global Medical Tourism Market Potential 2021: 3 Report Bundle – Turning Medical Tourism Back On – ResearchAndMarkets.com By Digital AIM Web Support – February 25, 2021 WhatsApp TAGS  Pinterest WhatsApp Facebook Local NewsBusiness Facebook Twitter Twitter DUBLIN–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Feb 25, 2021– The “Medical Tourism Global Potential 2021 – 3 Volume Bundle Offer” report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com’s offering. This bundle includes 3 volumes:Volume 1: Medical Tourism Background and Figures – February 2021 (500 pages)Volume 2: Country Profiles – February 2021 (168 Countries)Volume 3: Turning Medical Tourism Back On – April 2021 (Approx. 500 pages) 2020 and 2021 have been dramatic times for medical tourism which is why it is vital for those wishing to stay or enter the market to understand not just the background but how the industry and countries are adapting. All are essential reading if you wish to make more informed decisions and deliver a better return on your investment when targeting the international patient. This report will help you to understand the competition in terms of which countries have the highest number of incoming medical travelers and the US$ earned, and identify which countries have significant outgoing medical travel flows. It will give you the benefit of an impartial view of what is happening now and what the future trends may be. Monitoring the ever-changing world of medical tourism is a challenge for every destination and healthcare provider involved in the international patient business. Organisations must adapt their medical tourism strategy in response to a changing market. To do that, they need to know which countries are doing well or badly, who is going where, the treatments they are seeking, why they are going there, and how political, economic, social and technological changes are impacting the medical tourism market. Who are the reports for:Professionals working in global healthcare marketsHospital and clinic groups operating internationallyInternational patient departmentsTravel and medical travel agentsBanks and other financial institutionsInvestors and private equityInternational insurersNational government policy-makersTravel and tourism organisationsLawyersPolicy advisorsThink tanksManagement consultants What Volume 1 covers:Assessment of the size and nature of the medical travel market.Factors that are encouraging or constraining the global growth of medical tourism.Insights into supply chains, business models, products and the target consumerInsight into who is going where and what treatments they are seeking.Discussion of which countries are doing well, and which badly in this dynamic market.Accreditation organisations What Volume 2 covers: In an exciting new format of individual PDFs for each country, 168 destination and source countries are profiled. New For 2021:Updated information on existing detailPopulation numbers 2020Tourist numbers 2019 and where in 2021Diaspora numbers New sections on:RisksNoneTurning tourism and medical tourism back onTestingQuarantineSafety and healthReliability of numbersCompulsory travel insurance What Volume 3 covers:Are you ready for an even more competitive 2021 and 2022?Many assume that it will just return as before – but they are very wrong.You need to plan for the new normal or a new concept.How will medical travel be different in 2021?The new normalHow to save medical tourism from itselfTourism predictionsMedical tourism predictionsCOVID vaccine is comingBetter testing procedures and policy makingThe advent of digital COVID passportTravel agencies will make travel better and saferThe rise of conscious travellerHealth checksCostsTestingQuarantineReassurance on safety and hygieneTechnologyFuture trendsWhy the Gulf will no longer be the golden source for medical touristsGulfEuropeCaribbeanUSAHotelsSafe travel protocolsRe-opening EuropeCOVID passportsTechnologyFuture of air travelContact tracing appsFuture of healthcare and health insuranceSafeCareSafe TravelsCommonPassTravel rules and adviceAirportsTraffic light systems for travelWellness travelDigital vaccine passportsVaccine vacations and ethicsBureau VeritasInformation and advice from EU, WTTC, OECD, IATA, UNWTO, BAAPS, WHO, WTM, ITB and others Companies Mentioned Previous articleREGO Restaurant Group Unveils New, Contemporary Quiznos Branding in Response to Rising Demand for Differentiated Experiences and Creative Flavor CombinationsNext articleThe Latest: China OKs 2 more virus vaccines for wider use Digital AIM Web Supportlast_img read more

first_imgColumnsAn Analysis Of Accessing High Courts During COVID Lockdown: March To August 2020 Anubha Rastogi, Tanima Kishore, Surabhi Singh, Shreya Kanauj1 April 2021 6:49 AMShare This – xThe pandemic caused by the coronavirus has seen widespread repercussions on the Indian legal system, with litigants and lawyers suffering from an almost shut down of courts across the country. Reeling from the effects of a countrywide lockdown in March 2020, which made physical hearings as well as filings difficult and extremely limited, different High Courts of India have responded to…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe pandemic caused by the coronavirus has seen widespread repercussions on the Indian legal system, with litigants and lawyers suffering from an almost shut down of courts across the country. Reeling from the effects of a countrywide lockdown in March 2020, which made physical hearings as well as filings difficult and extremely limited, different High Courts of India have responded to the pandemic problem differently. With this background, this article, which is the first of its series, looks at the functioning and access of High Courts (HCs) in India from the perspective of : i) the criteria for hearing and deciding cases, while Courts functioned with a limited capacity and during restricted hours; ii) the response of the High Courts to the shift from a physical filing and hearing system to an electronic one and lastly iii) Accessibility of the High Courts in terms of the procedure for hearing. Data Sources & Objectives For the purpose of this working paper, we have relied on notifications, circulars and administrative orders passed by all the High Courts in India which were available on their respective websites, for the period starting from March 2020 until August 2020, since it was observed that a number of courts had expanded the scope of listing post August. One of the many aims of this working paper is to contribute to a worldwide database of Covid-19 policy measures. Another aim is to provide an insight into the functioning of Indian High Courts during an unprecedented public health crisis and the support provided by the Indian judicial system in managing the crisis. Hearing of ‘Urgent’ matters Since mid- March 2020, beginning with the first nation-wide lockdown, most High Courts vide notifications, circulars and orders decided to hear a limited number of cases on the basis of ‘urgency’. However, the definition of ‘urgency’ was set out clearly by only some High Courts, as against others, which left the decision to be made on a case to case basis. For the time period of data collected, between March 2020 and 31st August 2020 for this article, of the 25 High Courts, 11 had explained ‘urgency’ to different extents. While some HCs such as Delhi, have categorized case types as urgent from the very outset in April 2020, others such as Gujarat and Jharkhand HCs,categorised certain types of cases to be urgent, only gradually over a period of time. 14 of the 25 HCs did not put out any criteria for urgency at all. The process followed by the courts for determining urgency in each case has been discussed in detail below. Court Urgency criteria prescribed Allahabad Not Prescribed Andhra Pradesh* Prescribed Bombay Not Prescribed Calcutta Not Prescribed Chhattisgarh Not Prescribed Delhi* Prescribed Gauhati* Prescribed Gujarat* Prescribed Himachal Pradesh Not Prescribed Jharkhand* Prescribed Jammu & Kashmir Not Prescribed Karnataka Not Prescribed Kerala* Prescribed Madras Not Prescribed Manipur Not Prescribed Madhya Pradesh* Prescribed Meghalaya Not Prescribed Orissa Not Prescribed Patna Not Prescribed Punjab & Haryana Not Prescribed Rajasthan* Prescribed Sikkim Not Prescribed Telangana* Prescribed Tripura* Prescribed Uttarakhand* Prescribed *Cells marked with (*) signify  urgency was defined Criteria for Urgency: All 11 HCs that had laid down criteria for urgency, have classified bail applications (regular and anticipatory) as urgent. Some HCs have even laid down a special process or created exceptions for hearing bail applications. Gujarat HC, and initially the Patna HC as well, assigned bail applications to be heard by a special bench. Jharkhand, Kerala and Rajasthan HCs exempted bail applications from providing any specific cause of urgency and the Jharkhand and Kerala HCs also provided for a separate process for filing these applications. Within bail applications, the Madhya Pradesh HC clarified that priority would be given to first bail applications over second and subsequent bail applications. Related to bail applications, other cases affecting personal liberty have been prioritized by some HCs too, and the Andhra Pradesh HC deemed suspension of sentences’ applications as urgent. The Gujarat and Kerala HCs included a wider ambit of cases as urgent, including habeas corpus petitions and term of detention and sentencing related cases. In addition to these cases, the Uttarakhand HC further also prioritized criminal appeals against conviction, criminal revisions against order confirming conviction and criminal writs. Delhi HC had a very comprehensive and unique list of matters that were to receive a hearing on priority. Cases such as those under the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act 2005, matrimonial matters, eviction cases, MACT Appeals involving death and permanent disability, amongst others were deemed urgent by the Delhi HC, provided that these cases were ready for final hearing. Like Delhi, the Tripura HC during the lockdown, decided to hear matters which were at the stage of final hearing. Similarly, the Uttarakhand HC in May 2020 categorized a wider variety of cases such as writ petitions seeking relief against eviction, ejectment or dispossession from property or its demolition, against attachment, auction or similar legal course with respect to property, writ petitions against major penalty passed in departmental hearing and service matters where recruitment, selection, promotion, and transfer took place during the nationwide lockdown. Uttarakhand therefore appears to have included most types of civil cases in its list of urgent matters. Court Definition of Urgency When defined Andhra Pradesh* -Suspension of sentences March 2020 Delhi Comprehensive list including but not limited to – -The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act -Matrimonial matters -Eviction cases -MACT Appeals involving death and permanent disability April 2020 Gauhati* -Recording of statements under S.164 CrpC March 2020 Gujarat -Special bench for bail applications -Habeas corpus petitions -Term of detention -Sentencing related cases April 2020 Jharkhand* -Exempted bail applications from providing specific cause of urgency -Separate filing process for bails March 2020 Kerala -Exempted bail applications from providing specific cause of urgency -Separate filing process for bails -Habeas corpus petitions -Terms of detention -Sentencing related cases May 2020 Madhya Pradesh* -Priority given to 1st bail applications March 2020 Rajasthan -Exempted bail applications from providing specific cause of urgency April 2020 Telangana -Bail applications June 2020 Tripura -Matters at stage of final hearing May 2020 Uttarakhand Comprehensive list including but not limited to – -Writ petitions seeking relief against eviction -Ejectment or dispossession from property or its demolition, against attachment, auction or similar legal course with respect to property, -Writ petitions against major penalty passed in departmental hearing and those in service matters where recruitment, selection, promotion, and transfer happened during the nationwide lockdown April 2020 *Cells marked with (*)signify the HCs that defined urgency criteria early on in the lockdown An interesting approach seems to have been adopted by the Andhra Pradesh HC. The court while making it clear in March 2020 that only ‘imminently urgent’ matters will be heard and categorizing bail and suspension of sentence related proceedings as urgent, in May 2020 went on to describe which kind of cases were not urgent and hence would not be entertained for hearing. Criminal writs for quashing, service matters, cases for release of vehicles, stamp duty issues – were all categorized to not be urgent, as per the Andhra Pradesh HC. Even amongst the HCs that had classified certain cases as urgent, the timing of the classification did not necessarily coincide with the declaration of the nationwide lockdown in March 2020. Some HCs such as Andhra Pradesh, Gauhati, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh declared on and around 24 March 2020 that the HC would only hear urgent matters of the specified nature. Andhra Pradesh seems to lead the board by specifying urgency criteria as early as 16 March 2020. Other HCs did not immediately prescribe urgency criteria such as Delhi, Gujarat, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan in April, Kerala and Tripura in May and Telangana prescribed the criteria as late as in June. From only a bare reading of the circulars and administrative orders issued by the HCs, the reason for delay in specifying urgency remains incomprehensible. Of the 11 HCs that have specified criteria for urgency, some widened the criteria over time. In May 2020, the Andhra Pradesh HC, as mentioned earlier, clarified the kind of matters that were not to be taken up for hearing and were deemed not urgent. In August, Delhi HC began to allow listing of cases other than those classified urgent, by taking up 4-5 cases per day before each working bench. In June, the Gujarat HC began hearing urgent freshly filed civil matters as compared to earlier when it was only hearing pending civil cases. By July, the Jharkhand and Tripura HCs had considerably relaxed the urgency criteria and were hearing cases of a wider variety. The Bombay High Court, as early as April 2020 had also started listing writ petitions, criminal matters, suits and arbitration matters, in which urgent applications were filed during the lockdown for hearings. Urgency in Bail Matters: On 24 March 2020, in a suo motu case, the Supreme Court of India expressed concern over the health of inmates in India’s overcrowded prisons and asked each State/HC to form a special committee to determine which class of convicts or undertrials can be released on parole or interim bail. However, on 31 March 2020, the Rajasthan High Court in an ex-parte bail application held that bail applications, applications for suspension of sentences are not ‘extremely urgent matters'[1] and directed its registry to not list such matters. The Court held that considering the lockdown being in place, when only essential services are effective, allowing bail or revision of sentences jeopardizes the health of State and jail authorities, sureties, advocates of parties who would all have to be involved. Adding to that, the Court said that the right to liberty can be reasonably restricted in such circumstances. The Rajasthan HC order was followed by a Bombay High Court order, which gave almost identical reasoning and held that bail applications are not ‘urgent’ matters. Since then, the Rajasthan High Court order has been stayed by the Supreme Court. On 3 April 2020, the Bombay HC while hearing a bail application[2] observed that the term ‘urgency’ is very subjective and the circumstances in which a bail application is made must be considered. The HC held that several staff members and law enforcement members need to coordinate and work on a bail writ once it is issued by a HC which can expose them to Covid. As per the court, in the circumstances of a lockdown, issuing a bail order virtually amounts to a breach of the lockdown. The non availability of inter and intra State transport will mean that an accused released on bail cannot reach home anyway. Hence as per the Court, mere fact that the accused is undergoing a pretrial or post trial detention does not by itself warrant granting bail while a lockdown is in effect. Interestingly, the risk of contracting Covid due to crowding within prisons and the related hazards were not discussed by the Bombay HC. The above information goes on to show that if matters of personal liberty are not deemed to be ‘urgent’ during a pandemic, the definition of urgency only becomes hazier. Arguably, bail during a pandemic is not only a matter of liberty but of health and endangerment of life, with the public health system already under a massive strain and shortage of beds and ventilators. HCs where urgency was not defined: For the remaining 14 of the 25 HCs, the circulars notifications, directions, et al. shed little clarity on what ‘urgent’ means. All these 14 HCs decided to not categorize specific cases as urgent and instead decided ‘urgency’ on a case-to-case basis. For instance, on 25 March 2020, the Allahabad High Court suspended regular functioning and issued a notice stating that ‘imminently emergent and urgent cases’ were to only be heard by a designated bench of the High Court. While it was not clarified or described which type of cases were imminently urgent, based on an application made in advance, it was left to the Court to determine urgency in each case[3],. Similarly, on 14 March 2020[4], the Bombay High Court restricted all hearings to only ‘urgent’ matters, where in each case the litigant/lawyer was to convince the court as to the urgency via an application. Deciding on the matters to be listed was an extremely crucial decision to be made by the HCs. The courts that did not lay down urgency criteria seem to have followed the method of an authority determining urgency on a case-to-case basis. While in some courts, it was the Chief Justice or the other judges who determine the urgency, in many Courts it is not clear which authority was making these decisions-whether a judicial mind was being applied at all or not also is unclear. In addition, there seems to be a complete lack of transparency regarding the procedure of listing these ‘urgent’ matters in most HCs. Circulars issued by HCs such as Bombay, Calcutta, Jharkhand, Manipur, to name a few, do not discuss any provision for oral mentioning for urgent cases and require the same to be done through emails. There also does not seem to be a way for the Advocates to know the reason for rejection of urgent listing of the matters in most cases. The lack of a definition of ‘urgency’ has meant that the same could be inferred only after an extensive examination of cases heard, decided and even adjourned by such courts, which is the next analysis in this series. This shortfall would lead to several applications being filed stating their own definition of urgency, increasing the overall number of applications manifold. This is not ideal in a time where the courts are functioning with a limited capacity. The vagueness over what urgency means has not only given the deciding authority complete discretion regarding its determination, it has not necessarily considered the circumstances of a pandemic. It is obvious that urgency in ordinary circumstances and urgency during a pandemic, are different situations and ought to have been taken into consideration by the Courts. In our examination of notices and circulars released by HCs across the country, none of the Courts seem to have tried to make a distinction between urgency in general and urgency during a pandemic, except for bail matters, which instead of being considered in light of the overcrowding of prisons, were termed “not urgent” by some of the HCs due to the pandemic situation. Comparative Numbers: Post the lockdown, the institution of cases at the Tripura HC dropped to only 5 new civil cases and 21 criminal cases in April 2020. In the subsequent months, filings of new cases increased with July seeing 175 new civil cases and 283 criminal filings. Further, at the Allahabad HC in March 2020, when the lockdown set in, over 8,000 cases were filed at the High Court of which the writ pleas filed were 190. Both writ petitions, filed for violations of fundamental rights, and criminal appeals, were qualified as “urgent” by Allahabad HC and were heard during the restricted functioning of courts following the pandemic.[5] Comparatively, early in 2020 in the months of January and February, there were a total of over 22,000 filings of all types of cases, which was relative to approximately 20,000 cases filed every month in the HC in 2019. In comparison, the Punjab & Haryana HC in March 2020 alone, had no less than 1,07,079 cases filed.[6] Moreover, Gujarat HC during the period of 24.03.2020 to 30.06.2020 had 8138 matters filed through email filing, and a total of 5232 cases were filed during the period of 01.07.2020 to 31.07.2020 with 2178 Civil and 3054 Criminal cases (including the Interim Applications) filed through exclusive email addresses. Electronic filings and online hearings Another significant shift in the functioning of courts has been a move towards electronic filing of cases and hearing of matters over web – based applications and software. The Indian judicial system is heavily dependent on paper based filings and physical hearings, with most courts not using the pre-existing infrastructure for e-filings. Although the National e-governance plan[7] has been in the offing for some time, a complete shift to an electronic or web-based system had not occurred prior to the pandemic. While owing to the pandemic, all High Courts were constrained to make this move, the method of filings and hearings, varies significantly across States. Much is expected from the E-committee of the Supreme Court, which is undertaking a monumental process for using one platform for virtual hearings across the entire Indian judicial system[8]. Need for a uniform platform for virtual court hearings Hearings being conducted through virtual mode became the new normal during the lockdown. Different High Courts and Tribunals opted using different web based applications and platforms for the virtual hearings. Cisco Webex, Zoom, Microsoft Teams, Vidyo, Jitsi, Bluejeans and even Whatsapp have been used by the High Courts, which are regular platforms for online interactions. It is surprising that the need for a uniform system for virtual hearings across the country was not devised which could have been a dedicated platform for the purpose of court hearings, tailor made for the efficiency of courts. A platform that would facilitate citing of judgments, giving appearance slips, better screen sharing features for going through the pleadings, have a feature for audience mode for litigants and media, to name a few.Multiple and non-uniform platforms for different forums and at times even different forums for different benches within the same court was found to be cumbersome and inefficient. For instance, certain such applications have limited features when downloaded on a phone as compared to a desktop. It is also cumbersome to have multiple applications on devices and remembering varying procedures for appearances through each platform. Uniformity for the sake of consistency in efficient court hearings across the country unfortunately has been overlooked. Court Video Conferencing App used Allahabad Jitsi Andhra Pradesh Zoom; later moved to BlueJeans Bombay Zoom, later moved to Cisco Webex, Microsoft Teams Calcutta Skype Chhattisgarh Zoom, later moved to Vidyo, Jitsi and Webex Delhi Cisco Webex Gauhati Jitsi, Vidyo Gujarat Zoom Himachal Pradesh Cisco Webex, Jitsi Jharkhand Skype, Vidyo J&K WhatsApp Karnataka Vidyo, Skype or any other mode initiated by Court Kerala Zoom,  Google Meet, Cisco Webex Madras Microsoft Teams Manipur Vidyo (April), Jitsi (May) with alternatives beingVidyo, Cisco Webex, Google Meet MP Vidyo Meghalaya Skype, WhatsApp, later moved to Vidyo Orissa Jitsi; decided that zoom was not to be used Patna Vidyo or any other app available, later moved to Microsoft Teams (August) P&H Cisco Webex, WhatsApp Rajasthan Jitsi, WhatsApp Sikkim Vidyo, Cisco Webex Telangana Cisco Webex Tripura Zoom, Vidyo or any other software, discontinued Zoom (end of April) Uttarakhand Jitsi, Zoom, Vidyo While anecdotally, it was found that certain training programmes were organised to provide assistance to lawyers for accessing virtual courts and e-filing methods in some of the High Courts, the effectiveness and reach of these programmes could not be ascertained. While all HC websites have the e-filing options, the initial filings immediately post the lockdown were done by sending emails to either a dedicated address or to the email addresses of the staff on duty. In some Courts like Bombay, each bench had a dedicated email address for the purpose of filing fresh matters and additional documents/compilations. The method for giving appearance differed from court to court, ranging from email appearances, to appearances in the chat box of the application and to sending whatsapp messages to a dedicated number for appearances. In a few courts, from April/May onwards, dedicated shops opened up which for a hefty fee, assisted the lawyers in creating PDF documents which could be filed electronically. Apart from the privacy issues that this raises in sensitive matters, it also throws light on the fact that not all persons in the legal field have the understanding and/or the access to equipment and applications which assist in electronic filings. The question of affordability is also writ large as only a lawyer with access to an electronic set-up could appear before the virtual courts and argue the cases. If the move is towards a virtual system or even a hybrid system of physical and virtual hearings, the courts as a system of justice will need to ensure that it remains accessible, to all classes and categories of lawyers as well as litigants. ConclusionEven though these findings are limited for the period between March 2020 and August 2020, and by now gradually a lot of Courts have resumed (or begun discussing to resume) physical filings/hearings and normal functioning, the pandemic has presented an unprecedented challenge, forcing the justice system to explore virtual operations. The possibility of similar situations arising again in the future cannot be ruled out and it is thus crucial that the last few months be seen as a learning experience to ensure that the systems are better equipped. It is vital that the justice system has the capacity to respond in a fair, consistent, and an accessible way to the public in the times of crisis. About the authors :1. Anubha Rastogi: A Mumbai based lawyer practising for the past 17 years([email protected]). 2. Tanima Kishore: A Delhi based lawyer practicing for the past 8 years([email protected]).3. Surabhi Singh: Women’s rights practitioner and currently, lecturer at Jindal global law school, Sonipat Haryana([email protected])..4. Shreya Kanaujia : Practicing lawyer for the past 4 years([email protected]).5. Erica Dsouza: A development sector professional with experience in monitoring and evaluation practices, data management and analysis, and research([email protected])[1] https://www.livelaw.in/news-updates/applications-for-bail-sentence-suspension-not-extreme-urgent-matters-during-lockdown-rajasthan-hc-154594 [2] Criminal Bail Application no. 691 of 2020, Sopan Ramesh Lanjekar vs State of Maharashtra Bombay HC [3]http://www.allahabadhighcourt.in/event/event_7392_25-03-2020.pdf ; http://www.allahabadhighcourt.in/event/event_7403_11-04-2020.pdf [4]https://bombayhighcourt.nic.in/writereaddata/notifications/PDF/noticebom20200314152601.pdf [5]https://indianexpress.com/article/india/since-january-cases-in-allahabad-high-court-drop-by-a-fourth-6519166/ [6] https://www.tribuneindia.com/news/chandigarh/judiciary-needs-to-use-lockdown-period-for-hearing-old-cases-66258 [7]https://meity.gov.in/divisions/national-e-governance-plan [8] https://www.livelaw.in/top-stories/supreme-court-virtual-hearing-d-y-chandrachud-vidyo-68864?infinitescroll=1  Next Storylast_img read more

first_img Harps come back to win in Waterford Pinterest Google+ Journey home will be easier – Paul Hegarty Arranmore progress and potential flagged as population grows Pinterest WhatsApp Homepage BannerNews There have been three further deaths as a result of Covid-19 in Northern Ireland, bringing the official total to 521.One of the deaths occurred within the past 24 hours, whole the other two were previously unreported.Meanwhile, 17 new cases of Covid-19 have been confirmed this afternoon, taking the total to 4,696. Google+ RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Three further Covid-19 deaths in Northern Irelandcenter_img By News Highland – May 29, 2020 Facebook Facebook Twitter WhatsApp Previous articleEmergency services at scene of Letterkenny collisionNext articleAmber Barrett sees red on return to women’s women’s Bundesliga action News Highland DL Debate – 24/05/21 News, Sport and Obituaries on Monday May 24th Important message for people attending LUH’s INR clinic Twitterlast_img read more

first_imgABC News(PENSACOLA, Fla.) — Hurricane Florence dropped to a Category 2 storm on Thursday with winds of 105 mph as it moved toward Bermuda and potentially the East Coast.The storm had risen briefly to Category 4 Wednesday with winds of 130 mph before weakening to a Category 3 and then a Category 2. The storm was forecast to strengthen again into a Category 3 hurricane by the end of the weekend into next week.A Category 3 hurricane qualifies as a major storm, while winds from 130 to 156 mph bump it up to Category 4. A Category 5 hurricane, the strongest, has winds of at least 157 mph.Florence was expected to continue to move northwest through the weekend and approach Bermuda around Monday or Tuesday.It may be close to the East Coast by the middle or end of next week.Florence will likely bring large waves that could cause life-threatening surf and rip currents on the East Coast from Florida to Maine.With hurricane season in full swing, another tropical wave is behind Florence — Helene — potentially becoming the next storm.Peak hurricane season is from mid-August through mid-October. The peak date for hurricane season, on average, is Sept. 10.The new storms formed just as tropical depression Gordon left flooding and rain behind for the Gulf Coast.Parts of Florida saw almost 10 inches of rain.The remnants from Gordon continued into Arkansas Thursday morning.Flood watches have been issued after parts of Kansas saw severe flooding Wednesday. Parts of Iowa have seen more than 10 inches in the past few days. Copyright © 2018, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.last_img read more

first_imgFebruary 27, 2021 /Sports News – Local Utah pulls away to beat No. 19 USC 71-61 FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailSALT LAKE CITY (AP) — Alphonso Plummer scored 19 points, Timmy Allen added 15 points and eight assists and Utah pulled away late in the second half to beat No. 19 USC 71-61.Plummer made five 3-pointers and Ian Martinez scored 10 points off the bench to help the Utes beat a Top 25 opponent for the first time this season.Drew Peterson scored 19 points, and Evan Mobley added 11 points and eight rebounds for suddenly struggling USC. The Trojans shot 37% from the field and lost for the third time in four games. Written by Tags: Pac-12/Utah Runnin’ Utes Basketball Associated Presslast_img