We surveyed Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) under sea ice using the autonomous underwater vehicle Autosub-2. Krill were concentrated within a band under ice between 1 and 13 kilometers south of the ice edge. Within this band, krill densities were fivefold greater than that of open water. The under-ice environment has tong been considered an important habitat for krill, but sampling difficulties have previously prevented direct observations under ice over the scale necessary for robust krill density estimation. Autosub-2 enabled us to make continuous high-resolution measurements of krill density under ice reaching 27 kilometers beyond the ice edge.
Why lawyers can’t hear Why lawyers can’t hear Carl Michael Rossi “My lawyer doesn’t listen to me!” “She doesn’t care!” “He isn’t interested in me, he just keeps telling me what to do!”I hope you’ve never heard these comments directed to you, but the odds are you have, even if you are a very good attorney. No client complaint is more common. Not even billing complaints.How can that possibly be? You sat patiently as your clients went on about all the circumstances around the issue. Every chance you got, you focused your clients on the issue at hand and had them provide the details that you need to solve the problem they brought to you. And you’ve told them what they need to do to solve the problem. So what are they upset about?You did everything law school taught you to do. Recognize and analyze the pertinent legal issues, elicit relevant facts and come up with a strategy to solve the problem. Well, that is what they are upset about.Let me explain. Robert Bolton, in his book People Skills, describes 12 common roadblocks to communications. Activities by the “listener” that almost guarantee that the “speaker” will form a belief that she or he is not being heard. In short, they end up believing that the person they’re speaking to doesn’t care about them.Look at just two of these roadblocks:• Excessive questioning. Questions that ask for what’s important to your checklist send a direct message that you are more interested in that than you are in what’s important to your client.• Giving advice. Telling your client what she or he must do sends the message that they are inferior and incapable of running their own life.“My god, man, you’ve just told me that what I do for a living — find the elements of a case in my client’s situation and tell them how to change that situation — is the very thing that annoys my clients most!” Well, yes and no.You know that your clients are people, not case summaries in a tort law textbook. You do care about them. But how can you communicate to them that you care and get “the job” done?It is possible to do both. As attorneys we have developed particular skills. Our lawyer skills of issue recognition, and relevant fact determination and problem solving — are valuable skills. We are also always working to develop additional skills. Effective listening skills can be learned.Effective listening involves accepting the agenda as established by the speaker; an appreciation that whatever is said is important to the speaker. Rebecca Z. Shafir, in The Zen of Listening, describes this as getting into the speaker’s “movie.” Once you have accepted that you genuinely do care about your client, you can learn the skills that communicate that concern to your client.Once your client experiences your genuine concern, she or he will find it much easier to focus on the details you need to assess the case. They are less likely to call you to find out if you are working on the case. You will receive much fewer complaints; and many more referrals.Learning the skills that communicate your genuine concern for your clients is a great way to both increase your business and make it less stressful. Carl Michael Rossi, is an attorney, mediator, coach, and counselor in Chicago and can be contacted at [email protected] collabroativepracticechicago.com or (773) 456-6558. This column originaly appeared on the International Alliance of Holistic Lawyers’ Web site at www.iahl.org and is published here, with permission, under the sponsorship of the Bar’s Quality of Life and Career Committee. The committee’s Web site is at www.fla-lap.org/qlsm. April 1, 2005 Regular News
For all the Latest Sports News News, ICC World Cup News, Download News Nation Android and iOS Mobile Apps. highlights New Delhi: The ICC Cricket World Cup warm-up games between Pakistan and Bangladesh at Cardiff, as well as the game between West Indies and South Africa from Bristol, was affected by rain. While Pakistan vs Bangladesh match was abandoned without a ball being bowled, the match in Bristol between West Indies and South Africa saw some action but after two rain breaks, the game was declared a no-result. The abandonment of Pakistan vs Bangladesh game is a blow to Sarfraz Ahmed’s side, who head into the World Cup having lost nine out of 10 games and losing their only other warm-up game to Afghanistan by three wickets.In the other warm-up game at Bristol, West Indies inserted South Africa into bat but the Proteas started well with Hashim Amla, who had hit a fifty in the game against Sri Lanka, smashing two boundaries in the first over bowled by Jason Holder. Quinton de Kock, who was rested for the previous game, got going with a four off Sheldon Cottrell and both batsmen started well. The left-hander looked in great touch with two boundaries off Cottrell in the sixth over. However, the rain arrived during the ninth over and after a 50-minute halt, play resumed. However, after seven balls, the rain returned again and this time the delay was longer. When play resumed after over two hours, the match was reduced to 31-overs-per-side. Amla continued his great form and he got to his second fifty by cutting Oshane Thomas over the third man fence for a six and then getting an inside edge that raced away to the fine leg fence. De Kock looked ominous but the match was interrupted by rain yet again and the umpires decided to call the game off.South Africa’s warm-up games are done and they will start their World Cup campaign on the opening day when they take on England on May 30 at The Oval. West Indies will take on New Zealand at Bristol in the final warm-up game. The next two games will see England take on Afghanistan at The Oval followed by Australia taking on Sri Lanka at Southampton. South Africa will take on England in the ICC Cricket World Cup opener.West Indies will play one warm-up game against New Zealand.Pakistan will open their World Cup campaign against West Indies.