Home / Daily Dose / Remembering FDIC’s First Chief Economist About Author: Christina Hughes Babb 2020-11-13 Christina Hughes Babb in Daily Dose, Featured, News Previous: The Road to Mortgage Industry Innovation Next: FHA 2020 Report Shows How It Helped Struggling Homeowners Richard Alan BrownFollowing a four-year battle with brain cancer, Dr. Richard Alan Brown, 58, died November 8.The Ashburn, Virginia, resident served as the first Chief Economist at the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), where, according to an obituary on the Adams-Green Funeral Home site, “he was an integral part of the agency’s response to The Great Recession in the late 2000s.”“Rich was the consummate professional, with an accomplished career that set him apart from others, and yet, he never allowed his status to change the manner in which he engaged others,” said Andrea Riche, Chief, International Affairs, FDIC. “He was a kind, honest, and encouraging man with an unparalleled ability to find solutions to problems and get things done.”Brown frequently spoke to bankers and other trade groups about the economy, and he was a source sought after by the Wall Street Journal, Business Week, CNBC, and other media outlets for insight, according to his bio on the FDIC’s website. (The FDIC, in lieu of a comment, directed DS News to the 2003 press release announcing his appointment).Later, from 2018-2019, Brown served on the White House Council of Economic Advisors, where he specialized in financial regulation and managed that part of the Economic Report of the President.Those close to Brown say the savings and loan crisis of the 1980s “propelled him into a career in public service.”Ed Delgado, Chairman, Five Star Global, told DS News, “To say that Rich was respected and beloved by his colleagues, at the FDIC and abroad, would be an understatement.”According to the tribute to Brown, his family believes his cancer possibly resulted from exposure to debris at the World Trade Center on 9/11.”That morning, Rich was at a conference on the ground floor of the Marriott World Trade Center while his wife and two oldest sons were in their hotel room on the 15th floor,” according to the tribute. “Rich knew exactly where to meet his family on their way down the stairs and safely escorted them to battery park in lower Manhattan before the collapse of the south tower.”In his personal life, Brown was a fan of cycling, history, and baseball. He is survived by his wife of 31 years, Catherine Brown, and four adult sons.His funeral was held Friday at St. Theresa Catholic Church in Ashburn.You can read the tribute to Brown in full by clicking here. The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago Christina Hughes Babb is a reporter for DS News and MReport. A graduate of Southern Methodist University, she has been a reporter, editor, and publisher in the Dallas area for more than 15 years. During her 10 years at Advocate Media and Dallas Magazine, she published thousands of articles covering local politics, real estate, development, crime, the arts, entertainment, and human interest, among other topics. She has won two national Mayborn School of Journalism Ten Spurs awards for nonfiction, and has penned pieces for Texas Monthly, Salon.com, Dallas Observer, Edible, and the Dallas Morning News, among others. Related Articles Print This Post Sign up for DS News Daily The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago The Week Ahead: Nearing the Forbearance Exit 2 days ago Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago November 13, 2020 2,209 Views Share Save Remembering FDIC’s First Chief Economist Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Subscribe
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For all the Latest Sports News News, ICC World Cup News, Download News Nation Android and iOS Mobile Apps. highlights New Delhi: The ICC Cricket World Cup warm-up games between Pakistan and Bangladesh at Cardiff, as well as the game between West Indies and South Africa from Bristol, was affected by rain. While Pakistan vs Bangladesh match was abandoned without a ball being bowled, the match in Bristol between West Indies and South Africa saw some action but after two rain breaks, the game was declared a no-result. The abandonment of Pakistan vs Bangladesh game is a blow to Sarfraz Ahmed’s side, who head into the World Cup having lost nine out of 10 games and losing their only other warm-up game to Afghanistan by three wickets.In the other warm-up game at Bristol, West Indies inserted South Africa into bat but the Proteas started well with Hashim Amla, who had hit a fifty in the game against Sri Lanka, smashing two boundaries in the first over bowled by Jason Holder. Quinton de Kock, who was rested for the previous game, got going with a four off Sheldon Cottrell and both batsmen started well. The left-hander looked in great touch with two boundaries off Cottrell in the sixth over. However, the rain arrived during the ninth over and after a 50-minute halt, play resumed. However, after seven balls, the rain returned again and this time the delay was longer. When play resumed after over two hours, the match was reduced to 31-overs-per-side. Amla continued his great form and he got to his second fifty by cutting Oshane Thomas over the third man fence for a six and then getting an inside edge that raced away to the fine leg fence. De Kock looked ominous but the match was interrupted by rain yet again and the umpires decided to call the game off.South Africa’s warm-up games are done and they will start their World Cup campaign on the opening day when they take on England on May 30 at The Oval. West Indies will take on New Zealand at Bristol in the final warm-up game. The next two games will see England take on Afghanistan at The Oval followed by Australia taking on Sri Lanka at Southampton. South Africa will take on England in the ICC Cricket World Cup opener.West Indies will play one warm-up game against New Zealand.Pakistan will open their World Cup campaign against West Indies.
TN: It wasn’t difficult to admit to myself because I kind of was just like, OK, I’m not right. Something is wrong. I spoke to some people in the office and they were so helpful. They put me on to a therapist, and I was seeing this therapist for a while and then I went on to a different therapist. Not that the first one wasn’t working, but because I had other underlying issues that I needed to address. Admitting to my friends that I need help is something that I still struggle with. Luckily, they know me well enough that they know when something is wrong and they just offer help without being asked. It takes a lot for me to ask for help but when I do, I feel a lot better than when I’m struggling and they come to me. I’m still teaching myself that it’s OK to ask for help, which I’ll get eventually. But it is OK to ask for help – I’m just stubborn [email protected]_ can’t wait to be locked inside a Steel Cage with @DakotaKai_WWE next week on #WWENXT! pic.twitter.com/CBqkbaBv5l— WWE NXT (@WWENXT) February 29, 2020SN: Getting back to the match on Wednesday night against Dakota, we saw how this began back at War Games, this emotional turn. In the moment, I don’t know how many people really saw that coming. It wasn’t just the fact that there was a turn, it was the people that were involved and especially you considering your comeback story. Do you think it would have worked as well if it had been two other people?TN: Honestly, I don’t think it would have worked as well. It still would have worked but it wouldn’t have worked as well because the fans know how close me and Dakota were. We spoke about it in interviews before the match. We landed the exact same time and traveled from the port together. And then we went to rehab together and the first knee injury that I went through, and she was in the ring when it happened. So we were able to transfer our friendship in real life onto TV to give you this exposure and when that turn happened, you could just feel the atmosphere just change and it was the most incredible thing that I’ve ever experienced in wrestling. You could cut the tension with a knife, that people were so agitated by the fact that what she just did. Some people kind of assumed it was happening, but not in that way and I think that even the people that assumed it was gonna happen, we still surprised them, which is exactly what we wanted. Tegan Nox has had to overcome a great deal in her early tenure with WWE. Shortly after she signed with the company in 2017, she suffered a torn ACL in her right knee that forced her to miss the inaugural Mae Young Classic.She went to work on rehabbing the injury and was back in the ring just in time for the second Mae Young Classic the following year. She advanced to the quarterfinals where she would face Rhea Ripley. Less than a minute into that match, Nox connected on a dive outside the ring but immediately felt pain in her left knee. She was determined to continue but was hit with a dropkick and the match was immediately stopped. A hushed quiet came over the NXT Arena as Nox cried out in pain. She would later find out that she blew out every major ligament in her left knee. Nox wondered if her pro wrestling career was over at the age of 23.Join DAZN and watch more than 100 fight nights a yearThen Nox got back to work, determined to return to the ring. She did just that in the summer of 2019, but it didn’t come without hard work along with plenty of ups and downs mentally, which she admittedly still deals with. All of that was recently chronicled in a series of WWE produced videos titled “The Comeback,” detailing the physical and emotional toll she has fought through.Now, the Welsh superstar is embroiled in a bitter rivalry with her former friend-turned-enemy Dakota Kai who turned on her last November at NXT TakeOver: War Games with a brutal attack targeting her knee.The two faced off in a street fight at last month’s TakeOver event in Portland where Kai — along with help from Raquel Gonzalez – scored a win against Nox. The next chapter in their ongoing rivalry will be Wednesday night on NXT television — airing from 8-10 p.m. ET on USA Network — when Nox and Kai square off in a steel cage match.Sporting News recently spoke with Nox regarding her comeback and everything she has persevered through — and continues to deal with — to continue her wrestling career.This interview has been lightly edited for clarity and length.NEXT WEEK on #[email protected]_ @DakotaKai_WWE pic.twitter.com/jOjNV2dDyV— WWE (@WWE) February 27, 2020SPORTING NEWS: We’re just a day away from this big cage match at NXT TV. As we’re talking right now, what’s going through your mind? Are you anxious? Excited? What kind of emotions are you feeling?TEGAN NOX: I’m a bit of everything. To be honest, I’m excited because it’s rare that we get to do these sorts of matches in NXT, especially with women, which is super cool for us. But also nervous because it’s really high and I’m not good with heights.SN: Obviously, this is a huge-profile match and so many people have followed along with your story and in your comeback. What does this match mean when it comes to your journey, your career and where you are right now — to not only be back but be back in a prominent match on NXT TV?TN: It means a lot to me, especially having the trust of people like Triple H and Coach Amato who were around when I went through two ACL surgeries. To be able to bring me back, not just bring me back to wrestle normal matches, but to give me such high-caliber matches like the street fight at TakeOver and this cage match. I’ve experienced online people that doubt me, call me a liability and say that I shouldn’t be doing these sorts of matches. But just having the respect and the trust of those people, it makes the match that much more special for myself. Although me and Dakota aren’t on great terms right now, I know it means a lot to her as well because of her ACL injury, too.SN: You actually have people that are out there saying you shouldn’t have these kinds of matches because they’re too dangerous? I would look at it from the perspective that if you’re going to be in the ring, you need to be able to do anything and everything or else you probably shouldn’t be out there in the first place.TN: Yeah, you wouldn’t believe the amount of people (commenting on) the street fight, especially the amount of people that were commenting on my Twitter, my Instagram, everything just ripping me apart saying that I shouldn’t be in these matches. It was insane to see how much negativity people were bringing instead of the positives. Like (they should be saying), “These women are doing the first street fight in NXT women’s history” instead of looking at it like that, they went straight for the “Oh, they both had ACL surgeries and shouldn’t be doing this.” It was crazy to me.SN: I was there in the building the night that you got injured the second time in the match against Rhea (Ripley) and I distinctly remember that moment because of how quiet the building got. There were some of us looking at each other and wondering if this was part of the match and quickly realized it was not. Did you ever get that sense from the crowd and what was going through your mind at that moment?TN: Honestly, I didn’t realize how quiet it was until I watched the match back and all I could hear were the doctors talking to me. So, to me, it just seemed like everything was super loud still. It was such a crazy experience. I legitimately thought that my career was over. Not in a sense of I couldn’t come back from it, but that they wouldn’t want someone who at the time was 23 and going to have to have another knee surgery. I just thought they were going to pass me to the side and be done with me, but they worked so hard becoming the best agents in the world on both occasions and brought me back stronger than I could ever imagine I’d be if I didn’t have the knee surgeries.SN: When it comes to a situation like that where you’re dealing with not just the one, but two serious knee injuries, was it tougher to come back physically or is it tougher to come back mentally?TN: I think physically it’s so easy in comparison to coming back then it is mentally. I still struggle mentally with dealing with both injuries. I still have times where I’ll think I’m going to do something in a match and then I just can’t do it. Like, I want to suggest things but I can’t. It’s so mentally draining. Luckily, I have such an incredible support group that when I get into those situations, they know when to push me and when not to push me, which is something that I feel like if I didn’t have them, I’d either completely quit or just try and overtake those boundaries and get hurt again. So they level me out a lot.SN: I think that’s one of the great things from the standpoint of NXT is that we see how close people are. When it comes to your support team, what has that meant to you to have these different people in your life that have helped you out in so many different ways from somebody like Dakota to a newer friendship like Candice LeRae?TN: Honestly, in everything in my career that I’ve done as an athlete, having this support system is the most incredible experience and the most special thing that’s in my life. Without those girls, I’d probably wouldn’t be wrestling anymore. With Dakota, we rehabbed at the same time with my second and her first knee injury so we bonded even more. I’ve known Candice for about coming up on 5 1/2 years, but we only really got close when I moved over and went through the first knee surgery. So, it’s super special to have those kinds of friendships. You don’t find that in everyday life, let alone wrestling where it’s even rarer.Those older girls mean the absolute world to me and they helped me even now when I still struggle mentally with stuff. If I’m having a tough day and I’m so exhausted mentally over everything, they’re there to help me. I send them a text, I’m not OK or I’m fine and then they, within a couple of minutes, reply or are at my door and it’s incredible. I couldn’t ask for more. If anything, I don’t think I deserve as good as a friendship but they have given me.SN: One of the things that really stood out to me from watching “The Comeback” series was what “Captain Marvel” did for you when you were going through a lot emotionally. Can you explain what watching that movie and that central figure did for you?TN: It was actually Candice who watched the movie the first time. She’s like, “You need to see this movie, it’s incredible. I cried.” I was like, oh, God, if she cried, then I’m gonna cry, this is not gonna work. So, I went and saw it and it was just more so that everyone was telling her that she couldn’t do something or she didn’t deserve to be in the Air Force. They just told her that she didn’t deserve to do anything and every time they kept saying that, she kept getting back up. Me and Candace, we were talking about it and how much we related to that from the independents when we were doing intergender wrestling and they were saying you shouldn’t be doing this. You can’t do that. It just resonated with people telling me that I should quit now after the second knee injury and that I can’t be doing wrestling anymore. The strength that she has to overpower that, it just spoke to me on a whole new level. And it was a great movie, too.But yeah, it was just the fact that she overcame so much and people were telling her to quit. She just didn’t. So that’s why it stuck out to me and is such a special thing to me. And then getting to study the actress Brie Larson. She’s also become such a big inspiration to myself as well as the character Captain Marvel because she’s such an advocate for all these different things that it’s inspiring to watch. It’s something that I would like to do with my platform. Now that I’ve gone through some of this stuff, I would like to be able to help like she’s helped.SN: What can you do now when it comes to helping other people and inspiring other people because you do have this platform?TN: Yeah, that’s my goal. Ever since I’ve been in wrestling, I want to help others whether it’s in wrestling or just in life. But now that I have such an incredible platform with WWE, I want to help people, especially people with mental health issues because when I was diagnosed with depression and anxiety, I had such incredible help for me. So, I want to pass that off to other people and help them and, you know, explain to people that you shouldn’t be talked down to or talked bad about because you’ve got a mental health issue. We need to break this stigma that mental health is bad and everyone has to be OK. I want to try and help them and that’s what I want to use my platform for, as well as the LGBTQ community. I’ve got family members and friends back home as well that are part of that, that I want to be a spokesperson for because I truly believe that everyone deserves rights. There’s a lot that I want to do, which is a big task, but I feel like I can do it and I really, really want to help people.SN: Was it tough to admit to yourself and to others, that I need some help and I’m having problems with mental illness?
Soccer Quest wrapped up its indoor league season by crowning champs in the three adult divisions.Abacus made it a clean sweep of the Jackson’s Hole Masters League by capturing both playoff and regular season title. Abacus edged out Bia Boro 6-5 in the final to claim the title.The regular season champs advanced to the final by scoring another narrow semi final victory, 5-4, over Jackson’s Hole.In the other divisions, Dirty Dozen beat Selkirk Eyecare 4-3 to claim the Bridge Ladies Rec League crown.The win also made it a two-title season for regular season champ Dirty Dozen.Meanwhile, in the Nelson Ford Men’s Open league Kootenay Co-op nipped Old Dogs 7-5 in the final.The teams finished tied for top spot during the regular season.
Charlie Austin’s first Premier League goal put QPR ahead at Loftus Road.Austin pounced in first-half injury time, smashing into the roof of the net after Leroy Fer had headed Joey Barton’s left-wing corner back across goal.Fer and Austin had both gone close to opening the scoring before the latter got Rangers’ first goal of the season.Dutch midfielder Fer, making his home debut, struck the post with a 30-yard effort just after the half-hour mark.Rangers welcomed back Austin following his recovery from a hamstring problem but Loic Remy, who is expected to join Chelsea, was not in their matchday squad, although he is at the game.Connor Wickham was in the thick of the early action, setting up Patrick van Aanholt, who fired into the side netting, before the Sunderland forward headed Austin’s header from Barton’s corner off the line.Wickham also sent a shot wide of the target and QPR keeper Rob Green produced a fine save low down to his left to deny Steven Fletcher.Rangers finished the half strongly and keeper Vito Mannone saved at the feet of Austin after he had been put through by Barton.However, Austin’s emphatic finish just before the break gave Mannone little chance. QPR (4-2-3-1): Green; Isla, Caulker, Ferdinand, Hill; Barton, Mutch, Phillips, Fer, Hoilett; Austin. Subs: Murphy, Traore, Onuoha, Henry, Dunne, Zamora, Taarabt.Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
NAPA — After steadfastly declining to talk about issues relating to wide receiver Antonio Brown, Raiders coach Jon Gruden sounded like a man Saturday night who had a pretty good idea his most valuable offensive player along with quarterback Derek Carr would soon be back in the fold.“I support this guy,” Gruden said. “I think that’s what needs to be said.”Brown was not with the Raiders during Saturday night’s 14 … (CLICK HERE, if you are unable to view this photo gallery on your mobile device.)
What do evolutionists do when data bring surprises to their claims? They find new ways for evolution to work magic. See if these stories illustrate that or not.Plant-animal partnership: One could hardly find two groups of organisms more disparate than plants and animals, but an article on PhysOrg claims that both groups hit on the same evolutionary solution to a problem independently. The subtitle emphasized the disparity, saying, “Despite their divergent evolutionary history, membrane-bound kinase receptors in animals and plants rely on similar regulatory mechanisms to control their activity.” To arrive at this solution, “plants took an evolutionary path different from their animal cousins,” the article continued. How to explain that in evolutionary terms? “There seem to be only so many ways to build a robust signaling system,” Dr. Joanne Chory of Howard Hughes Medical Institute, “and plants and animals have hit upon the same mechanisms.” Odd; there seem to be a lot of evolutionary solutions to many other common problems. Conservation and convergence are contrary to predictions of Darwin’s branching tree of life, but evolutionists routinely invoke those terms within evolutionary theory, not as a falsification of it.Tooth loophole: What is the truth about the tooth in frogs? Most frogs lack teeth on the lower jaw, but a strange tree frog in the Andes named Gastrotheca guentheri has teeth on both upper and lower jaws – the only known frog species so equipped. The headline on the BBC News announced, “Frogs re-evolved lost lower teeth.” How to explain that in evolutionary terms? Dr. John Wiens of Stony Brook University published his explanation in the journal Evolution: “I combined data from fossils and DNA sequences with new statistical methods and showed that frogs lost their teeth on the lower jaw more than 230 million years ago, but that they re-appeared in G. guentheri within the past 20 million years.” This would have to mean that genes for lower teeth sat dormant in frogs for 210 million years. If they served no purpose, though, why would natural selection retain them? “The reappearance of these lower teeth after such a long time fuels debate about whether complex traits are lost in evolution or if they can resurface,” reporter Ella Davies wrote. Is this a kind of resurrection miracle?“The loss of mandibular teeth in the ancestor of modern frogs and their re-appearance in G. guentheri provides very strong evidence for the controversial idea that complex anatomical traits that are evolutionarily lost can re-evolve, even after being absent for hundreds of millions of years,” Dr Wiens says…. What G. guentheri did was to put teeth back on the lower jaw, rather than having to re-evolve all the mechanisms for making teeth ‘from scratch’,” says Dr Wiens.While efficient for the frog, it seems to contradict the notion that natural selection continually sifts out the bad and adds up the good. 210 million years is a long time to keep genes around that don’t do anything. But Dr. Wiens was not done with his evolutionary magic tricks:“This ‘loophole’ may apply to many other cases when traits appear to re-evolve, such as in the re-evolution of lost fingers and toes in lizards,” Dr Wiens tells the BBC. According to Dr Wiens, this theory could be applied to other recent studies that have suggested the re-evolution of lost traits. In the last decade, scientists have identified and debated several attributes that have apparently “re-evolved” over time including stick insect’s wings, coiling in limpet shells, larval stages of salamanders and lost digits in lizards.Update 02/10/2011: National Geographic News reported the story, saying “The discovery challenges a ‘cornerstone’ of evolutionary thinking, according to experts.” After some argument over whether lost organs can never re-evolve (Dollo’s Law), the article admitted scientists cannot explain this by neo-Darwinism:With that in mind, natural selection—the process by which favorable traits become more common over time within a species—is “not enough to explain” why the marsupial tree frog regained its lower teeth. “I can confidently say that we don’t know,” [Gunter] Wagner [Yale U] said. “It’s an extremely interesting question.”Who’s your daddy? Now that the orang-utan genome has been deciphered, evolutionists are saying that parts of the human genome are more closely related to orang-utans than to chimpanzees (see Science Daily). The BBC News, reported that the orang-utan genome “evolved slowly,” while another article on Science Daily claimed that the orang genome is simultaneously “More Diverse Than Human’s, Remarkably Stable Through the Ages.” How to explain that in evolutionary terms? It seems the only way is to make evolution run fast and slow, both genetically and phenotypically: “That doesn’t mean the species itself has evolved more slowly,” said Devin Locke (Washington University), of the orang-utan genome, “but that this particular mechanism of genome evolution has been proceeding at a lower rate. Humans and chimps, in sharp contrast, have experienced an acceleration in this form of evolution over the past 5 million years or so.”Carnation race: Why would evolution’s mechanisms not follow predictable natural laws? PhysOrg announced that carnations “show the fastest known diversification rate in plants,” at the same time some of their neighbors in similar habitats do not. The short article tried to explain “the most rapid rate ever reported in plants or terrestrial vertebrates” as a function of arid conditions, “suggesting a link between climate and biodiversity,” but then one would expect all organisms in the Pleistocene to respond similarly in evolutionary terms. Clearly the “living fossil” species, and many other stable organisms, have not. What in tarnation made the carnation go on a diversity kick?Evolutionists are clearly having to juggle a confusing jumble of data. Science Daily put forth a new theory about intron evolution, trying to bring order out of that seeming chaos, while PhysOrg tried to weave evolution and ecology into a curious feedback loop. Thomas Schoener (UC Davis) looked at the oscillating beak sizes of Galapagos finches, and said, “If ecology affects evolution (long supported) and evolution affects ecology (becoming increasingly supported), then what? The transformed ecology might affect evolution, and so on, back and forth in a feedback loop.” This will certainly confuse cause and effect inferences, to say nothing of making evolutionary trends unpredictable. A “major research effort” will be needed to find this out, he said. But if evolution, ecology and environment are all interconnected, evolutionary theory will have a difficult time with this three-body problem being able to predict what will happen. With apologies to Arthur C. Clarke, any sufficiently convoluted evolutionary theory is indistinguishable from magic.Has there ever been a more vacuous theory than Darwinism? Evolution is fast except when it is slow, chaotic except when it is stable, divergent except when it is convergent, a driver except when it is driven, selfish except when it is altruistic, exorbitant except when it is thrifty, accelerating at the same time it is pushing on the brakes, dependent on the climate except when it’s not, mechanistic except when it is random. There is no observation that cannot be incorporated into this hodgepodge of explanation, rendering it little more than a flexible, dynamic, evolving, adjusting, backpedaling, ad hoc narrative. But we MUST teach it as FACT in the schools! (Re-read 01/29/1011 now).(Visited 21 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Galactic Habitable Zone, where a star must be located (09/29/2009)Circumstellar Habitable Zone, the right radius from the star where liquid water can exist (10/08/2010)Continuously Habitable Zone, because too much variety can be lethal (7/21/2007)Temporal Habitable Zone, because habitable zones do not last forever (10/27/2008)Chemical and Thermodynamic Habitable Zone, where water can be liquid (12/30/2003)Ultraviolet Habitable Zone, free from deadly radiation (8/15/2006)Tidal Habitable Zone, which rules out most stars that are small (02/26/2011)Stable Obliquity Habitable Zone (1/12/2012)Stellar Chemistry Habitable Zone (9/08/12)Stellar Wind Habitable Zone (9/19/13)Cosmic Ray Habitable Zone, protected by magnetic field and atmosphere (11/23/13) News media ran with a suggestion that one in five stars has a habitable planet, but they didn’t read the fine print.Here’s how it came out in the mainstream media:“One in five suns has habitable world: Astronomers have estimated how many of the 100 billion stars in our galaxy hosts a potentially habitable planet.” (BBC News)“One in Five Stars has Earth-Sized Planet in Habitable Zone: Scientists from University of California, Berkeley, and University of Hawaii, Manoa, have statistically determined that twenty percent of Sun-like stars in our galaxy have Earth-sized planets that could host life.” (NASA Astrobiology magazine)“How Common Are Habitable Planets? One in Five Sun-Like Stars May Have Earth-Size, Potentially Habitable Planets.” (Science Daily)At least Science Daily’s headline was worded slightly less conclusively. PNAS just issued a correction to the paper on which the claim was based. That correction points out the huge error bars in making such estimates:Estimates of the occurrence of Earth analog planets appear in several previous works including Catanzarite and Shao, Traub, and Dong and Zhu. These estimates, which range from 1% to 34%, were built upon early catalogs of Kepler planet candidates (based on less than 1.3 years of photometry). These estimates did not address survey completeness with injection and recovery or uncertain stellar radii with spectroscopy.The paper when it came out also issued a serious caveat about what “habitable” means:Although the details of planetary habitability are debated and depend on planet-specific properties as well as the stochastic nature of planet formation, the habitable zone (HZ) is traditionally defined as the set of planetary orbits that permit liquid water on the surface. The precise inner and outer edges of the HZ depend on details of the model.On Evolution News & Views, Rob Sheldon and Denyse O’Leary criticized the estimate and the news media’s celebrations.Meanwhile, PhysOrg mentioned another factor that could sterilize a habitable planet: “Cosmic rays zap a planet’s chances for life.” The article begins with artwork of cosmic bullets, traveling at nearly the speed of light, bombarding the planet, splitting into lethal showers of high-energy particles hitting the surface. Those particles have the power to disrupt DNA. Enough of them would kill any living thing.Earth gets hit by cosmic rays, too, but it has the right balance of atmosphere and magnetic field to disarm most of them. A team of astrobiologists estimated that atmospheric thickness is the more effective of the two factors (atmosphere and magnetic field) that protect a habitable planet from getting zapped. Astrobiology Magazine noted that Mars is probably sterilized by solar radiation, even if the 1976 Viking experiments were to be re-interpreted to permit the possibility of life: “some scientists say it’s probable that high solar ultraviolet radiation hitting the soil makes the surface sterile and hostile to life.”The Astrobiology Magazine article went on to describe new experiments simulating the gamma radiation of cosmic rays on Martian soil. Richard Quinn of the SETI Institute irradiated the perchlorate that is ubiquitous on Mars with gamma rays, and was able to reproduce the output of Viking’s labeled release experiment that, to some, gave ambiguous results about the possibility of life. This strongly indicates that at least for Mars, with its “harsh radiation environment on the Red Planet, whose thin atmosphere is not enough to shield the surface from highly energetic particles bombarding the surface,” being in the habitable zone would not help make it lively.Incidentally, one of the brightest gamma ray bursts ever recorded was observed in the direction of the constellation Leo, Space.com and Science Daily reported this week. It was detected by the orbiting Swift telescope, “because Earth’s atmosphere absorbs the gamma radiation.” Scientists are puzzled because it “defies astronomy theories,” Space.com’s headline reads.On Evolution News & Views, David Klinghoffer announced that a Canadian initiative called UrtheCast (Earthcast) will soon be streaming live images from space of our beautiful blue Earth, full of life. “It’s hard not to see this, in some karmic sense, as a rebuke to the ongoing buzz about how many habitable ‘Earth-like’ planets people think are out there sailing through the Milky Way,” he said. “The estimate has been bid up as high as 40 billion — an exercise, as we’ve pointed out, largely of imagination.”Now we can add another factor to our list of constraints on the habitable zone. Although cosmic rays careen throughout space, it is likely there are zones of increased danger, such as the centers of galaxies or locations where gamma ray bursts are more likely to occur (e.g., wherever giant stars are concentrated). We’re up to 11 factors now: Remember that failure to meet any one of these targets can be a show-stopper. It does not rule out other winners of the cosmic lottery, but reporters need to be realistic when reporting news about “habitable planets.” There’s much more to being habitable than simply being at the right radius from a star. Another misleading thing about the PNAS paper was that it calculated its percentages based on sunlike stars. Those are a small fraction of all stars, most of which are red dwarfs. Red dwarfs are more likely to violate all these constraints. And remember, habitable does not mean inhabited. The origin of life remains an impossible hurdle for naturalistic ideology (see online book).The Privileged Planet is still an up-to-date video to ponder and enjoy.(Visited 43 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
The Play Your Part television series, hosted by Kabelo Mabalane, has been well received, encouraging conversations on active citizenship, and has seen a rise of citizens going the extra mile to change people’s lives for the better across the country.Brand South Africa’s CEO Dr Kingsley Makhubela meets Gift of the Givers Foundation founder Dr Imtiaz Sooliman before joining Play Your Part television series host and Play Your Part ambassador Kabelo Mabalane to engage on Nation Brand building through active citizenship, amongst other pressing topics. (Image Brian Mthembu)The Play Your Part television series has been on the air for two months every Saturday evening on SABC 2 at 6pm. The television series hosted by Play Your Part ambassador Kabelo Mabalane has been well received, encouraging conversations on active citizenship, and has seen a rise of citizens going the extra mile to change people’s lives for the better across the country.“The country is filled with citizens who are extraordinary, every shoot has been one that has left me reassured that we, as South Africans, truly care. It takes a village to raise a child and the village of active citizens in South Africa is astonishing. I have learnt amazing things and seen selfless acts from people #gettinginvolved and playing their part,” says Mabalane.The Play Your Part television series was created firstly to align with Brand South Africa’s strategic vision of improving the country’s image and reputation amongst South Africans and secondly to showcase the collective impact of nation-building actions taken by citizens, which contribute to positively projecting South Africa to the world.Brand South Africa’s GM: Marketing Sithembile Ntombela reflects on the series: “Throughout the series we have seen truly inspirational stories by the diverse citizens of the country. The young and old, private and public sectors, all getting involved in their local communities to change people’s lives for the better. Active citizenship has paved the way to positive development within communities.”“Throughout the series we have seen truly inspirational stories by the diverse citizens of the country,” said Brand South Africa’s GM: Marketing Sithembile Ntombela. (far-left alongside Gift of the Givers Foundation founder Dr Imtiaz Sooliman, Brand South Africa CEO Dr Kingsley Makhubela, and Brand South Africa GM: Communications Thoko Modise)The series has 16 episodes still to be aired and a sneak peek of one of the episodes serves as a reminder of the amazing authentic stories still to be heard. The episode will include Brand South Africa’s CEO Dr Kingsley Makhubela, Gift of the Givers Foundation founder Dr Imtiaz Sooliman and host Mabalane as they engage on:• Being a Global South African through active citizenship;• The journey of becoming the largest disaster relief organisation of African origin on the African continent – “Serve the people with kindness, be the best. It took five years to achieve what we have today,” says Dr Sooliman; and• Nation Brand building through active citizenship – “The challenges we have today rely on us to play our part, beyond government intervention, as business and civil society,” says Dr Makhubela.“We are immensely proud of the citizens who have and still will be showcased in the series as they continuously help to fly the country’s flag high – domestically and internationally – through their initiatives, adds Ntombela.Catch these and other stories at 6pm on Saturdays on SABC 2 and be inspired to play your part in creating a better South Africa.To get involved in playing your part in South Africa:Check out the conversation on Twitter: #GetInvolved;Tell us how you Play Your Part through our social media channels:Follow us on Twitter: @PlayYourPartSA;Follow Brand South Africa on Twitter: @Brand_SA; andLike us on Facebook: Official Brand South Africa.