Plans are underway to honour one of Donegal’s finest people with a statue in the town where he was born – Nobel laureate Professor William C Campbell from Ramelton.The bronze statue is being designed with the aim of being erected in Ramelton in time for Prof Campbell’s 90th birthday next June.Prof William C CampbellMr McHugh, Minister for Education and Skills, announced the plans today, saying: “For people who aren’t familiar with Professor Campbell, his life’s work is a truly remarkable story. “We are talking about one of the most inspirational people on the planet. He has arguably done more for humanity than any other Irish person.“When we think of the Irish diaspora, and the mark that our country has left around the world, Professor Campbell is up there with the best of them.“His childhood on the farm in Ramelton, his education and passion for science and his commitment to research, led to hundreds of millions of people being saved from the horrific disease that is River Blindness.”The plan for Professor’s birthday is being developed under the Bill Campbell Legacy Project spearheaded by the Ramelton Town Hall Development Co. Minister McHugh meeting Jean and Brian Winston, Anne Campbell and RCSI’s Professor Cathal Kelly in the Department of Education and Skills in Dublin to discuss the Ramelton Town Hall Development Company’s idea for a statue in honour of Prof Bill Campbell.And it has the backing of leading academic institutions, including the Royal College of Surgeons Ireland (RCSI), Letterkenny IT and other universities, Donegal County Council and businesses.Minister McHugh said: “I was delighted to row in behind the Ramelton committee, led by Jean Winston, and ftheir idea for a statue and then to facilitate work to galvanise backing for the plan. That has led to great support from Professor Cathal Kelly, head of RCSI, as well as Professor Campbell’s sister-in-law Ann, who lives in Ramelton, and many others.“A meeting in the Dublin earlier this month with Jean and Brian Winston, Anne, Cathal really set the wheels in motion.“The idea builds on the scholarship I developed in Bill Campbell’s name after being appointed Minister for Education and Skills. The first person awarded with the bursary is Syrian refugee Suaad Alshleh, for her medical studies in RCSI.“I want to do more to honour the Professor. I have worked with the Ramelton group for some time, and now we are at the stage where a sculptor is preparing for the statue to coincide with the Professor’s birthday next year. It is great news.” Minister McHugh added that he will confirm further details on the project in coming weeks.New statue to honour Donegal Nobel prize winner in his hometown was last modified: December 17th, 2019 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:RameltonWilliam C Campbell
Galactic Habitable Zone, where a star must be located (09/29/2009)Circumstellar Habitable Zone, the right radius from the star where liquid water can exist (10/08/2010)Continuously Habitable Zone, because too much variety can be lethal (7/21/2007)Temporal Habitable Zone, because habitable zones do not last forever (10/27/2008)Chemical and Thermodynamic Habitable Zone, where water can be liquid (12/30/2003)Ultraviolet Habitable Zone, free from deadly radiation (8/15/2006)Tidal Habitable Zone, which rules out most stars that are small (02/26/2011)Stable Obliquity Habitable Zone (1/12/2012)Stellar Chemistry Habitable Zone (9/08/12)Stellar Wind Habitable Zone (9/19/13)Cosmic Ray Habitable Zone, protected by magnetic field and atmosphere (11/23/13) News media ran with a suggestion that one in five stars has a habitable planet, but they didn’t read the fine print.Here’s how it came out in the mainstream media:“One in five suns has habitable world: Astronomers have estimated how many of the 100 billion stars in our galaxy hosts a potentially habitable planet.” (BBC News)“One in Five Stars has Earth-Sized Planet in Habitable Zone: Scientists from University of California, Berkeley, and University of Hawaii, Manoa, have statistically determined that twenty percent of Sun-like stars in our galaxy have Earth-sized planets that could host life.” (NASA Astrobiology magazine)“How Common Are Habitable Planets? One in Five Sun-Like Stars May Have Earth-Size, Potentially Habitable Planets.” (Science Daily)At least Science Daily’s headline was worded slightly less conclusively. PNAS just issued a correction to the paper on which the claim was based. That correction points out the huge error bars in making such estimates:Estimates of the occurrence of Earth analog planets appear in several previous works including Catanzarite and Shao, Traub, and Dong and Zhu. These estimates, which range from 1% to 34%, were built upon early catalogs of Kepler planet candidates (based on less than 1.3 years of photometry). These estimates did not address survey completeness with injection and recovery or uncertain stellar radii with spectroscopy.The paper when it came out also issued a serious caveat about what “habitable” means:Although the details of planetary habitability are debated and depend on planet-specific properties as well as the stochastic nature of planet formation, the habitable zone (HZ) is traditionally defined as the set of planetary orbits that permit liquid water on the surface. The precise inner and outer edges of the HZ depend on details of the model.On Evolution News & Views, Rob Sheldon and Denyse O’Leary criticized the estimate and the news media’s celebrations.Meanwhile, PhysOrg mentioned another factor that could sterilize a habitable planet: “Cosmic rays zap a planet’s chances for life.” The article begins with artwork of cosmic bullets, traveling at nearly the speed of light, bombarding the planet, splitting into lethal showers of high-energy particles hitting the surface. Those particles have the power to disrupt DNA. Enough of them would kill any living thing.Earth gets hit by cosmic rays, too, but it has the right balance of atmosphere and magnetic field to disarm most of them. A team of astrobiologists estimated that atmospheric thickness is the more effective of the two factors (atmosphere and magnetic field) that protect a habitable planet from getting zapped. Astrobiology Magazine noted that Mars is probably sterilized by solar radiation, even if the 1976 Viking experiments were to be re-interpreted to permit the possibility of life: “some scientists say it’s probable that high solar ultraviolet radiation hitting the soil makes the surface sterile and hostile to life.”The Astrobiology Magazine article went on to describe new experiments simulating the gamma radiation of cosmic rays on Martian soil. Richard Quinn of the SETI Institute irradiated the perchlorate that is ubiquitous on Mars with gamma rays, and was able to reproduce the output of Viking’s labeled release experiment that, to some, gave ambiguous results about the possibility of life. This strongly indicates that at least for Mars, with its “harsh radiation environment on the Red Planet, whose thin atmosphere is not enough to shield the surface from highly energetic particles bombarding the surface,” being in the habitable zone would not help make it lively.Incidentally, one of the brightest gamma ray bursts ever recorded was observed in the direction of the constellation Leo, Space.com and Science Daily reported this week. It was detected by the orbiting Swift telescope, “because Earth’s atmosphere absorbs the gamma radiation.” Scientists are puzzled because it “defies astronomy theories,” Space.com’s headline reads.On Evolution News & Views, David Klinghoffer announced that a Canadian initiative called UrtheCast (Earthcast) will soon be streaming live images from space of our beautiful blue Earth, full of life. “It’s hard not to see this, in some karmic sense, as a rebuke to the ongoing buzz about how many habitable ‘Earth-like’ planets people think are out there sailing through the Milky Way,” he said. “The estimate has been bid up as high as 40 billion — an exercise, as we’ve pointed out, largely of imagination.”Now we can add another factor to our list of constraints on the habitable zone. Although cosmic rays careen throughout space, it is likely there are zones of increased danger, such as the centers of galaxies or locations where gamma ray bursts are more likely to occur (e.g., wherever giant stars are concentrated). We’re up to 11 factors now: Remember that failure to meet any one of these targets can be a show-stopper. It does not rule out other winners of the cosmic lottery, but reporters need to be realistic when reporting news about “habitable planets.” There’s much more to being habitable than simply being at the right radius from a star. Another misleading thing about the PNAS paper was that it calculated its percentages based on sunlike stars. Those are a small fraction of all stars, most of which are red dwarfs. Red dwarfs are more likely to violate all these constraints. And remember, habitable does not mean inhabited. The origin of life remains an impossible hurdle for naturalistic ideology (see online book).The Privileged Planet is still an up-to-date video to ponder and enjoy.(Visited 43 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Playback / NavigationTimelineZoom In / Out on TimelineVideo Track HeightAudio Track Height RotationX, Y, or Z Add to Both Ends of ClipsAdditive DissolveNon-Additive DissolveFilm DissolveCross DissolveDip To BlackDip To White Basic EditingSelect AllDeselect AllUndoRedoCopyCutPastePaste AttributesPaste InsertInsertSnap Toggle CreativeIntensityFaded FilmSharpenVibranceSaturationTine Balance After Effects Palette Gear Module OptionsAnyone who’s mastered keyboard shortcuts will have a hard time taking their hands off the keyboard to reach for a dial, button, or slider.Buttons in After EffectsModify LayerSet In PointSet Out PointToggle ShyToggle SoloToggle EnableToggle LockSet KeyframeQualitySampling QualityNew Composition from SelectionNew CompositionPreviewDefaultCopyCutPasteUndoRedoSaveOpenDials in After EffectsModify CompositionWidthHeightDurationLayer PropertiesAdjust Selected PropertiesLayer SelectionOpacityAudio LevelsStart PointBlend ModeAnchor PointX, Y, or Z VignetteAmountMidpointRoundnessFeather EditingNext Edit PointTrack ControlSelect Track OrientationX, Y, or Z Effects & TransitionsOpacityMotionScaleScale WidthAnti-flicker Filter General AdjustmentsAdjust any propertyAdjust any property (large)Sliders in Premiere Pro Editing ToolsSelectionTrack Select ForwardTrack Select BackwardRipple EditRolling EditRate StretchRazorSlipSlidePenHandZoom Playback / NavigationTimelineZoom to SequenceZoom In on TimelineZoom Out on TimelineIncrease Video Track HeightDecrease Video Track HeightIncrease Audio Track HeightDecrease Audio Track Height Audio EffectsFill Left With RightFill Right With Left VignetteAmountMidpointRoundnessFeather Add to End of ClipsAdditive DissolveNon-Additive DissolveFilm DissolveCross DissolveDip To BlackDip To White Toggle SoloActive, Master, A1-A6 Clip ControlMake SubclipNext ClipPrevious ClipReverse ClipLink / Unlink ClipsGroup ClipsUngroup ClipsNext ClipsSpeed / DurationNudge Clip UpNudge Clip DownNudge Clip Left (1 Frame)Nudge Clip Left (5 Frames)Nudge Clip Right (1 Frame)Nudge Clip Right (5 Frames)Snap to Next ClipSnap to Previous ClipSelect Top Clip PanelMaximize / Minimize PanelMaximize / Minimize Hovered PanelNext PanelPrevious PanelLumetri PanelEffect Control PanelProgram Monitor PanelSource Monitor PanelAudio Clip Mixer PanelAudio Track Mixer PanelEffects PanelMedia Browser PanelProjects Panel Audio EffectsVolume LevelLeft Channel VolumeRight Channel Volume Toggle Selection Follows PlayheadPlay / StopShuttle Left SlowShuttle Right SlowShuttle StopWorkspaceWorkspace 1, 2-9Audio MixerToggle Mixer Control ModeNext TrackPrevious TrackCycle Automation ModesActive, Master, A1-A6 Lumetri ColorReset Lumetri SettingsEditingRipple DeleteRazor All TracksNext Edit PointPrevious Edit PointTrack ControlSelect Next TrackSelect Previous TrackLock Audio TracksLock Video TracksSync Lock Selected TrackHide Selected Video Track PanActive, Master, A1-A6 Toggle MuteActive, Master, A1-A6 PositionX, Y, or Z ScaleAll, X, Y, or Z Clip ControlSnap ClipsSelect ClipsNudge Clip Lumetri ColorBasic CorrectionHDR WhiteTemperatureTintExposureContrastHighlightsShadowsWhitesBlacksHDR SpecularSaturation PanelCycle Panels CurvesHDR Range PanActive, A1-A6 Video EffectsDrop ShadowWarp StabilizerBlur & SharpenCamera BlurChannel BlurCompound BlurDirectional BlurGaussian BlurSharpenUnsharp Mask ShuttleAudio MixerCycle Active TrackVolumeActive, Master, A1-A6 MarkerSet In PointSet Out PointAdd MarkerClear InClear OutClear In and OutClear All MarkersLiftExtract Audio EffectsVolume LevelLeft Channel VolumeRight Channel Volume HSL SecondaryDenoiseBlurTemperatureTintContrastSharpenSaturation CreativeIntensityFaded FilmSharpenVibranceSaturationTine Balance This is an amazing piece of equipment for photo editors, but will the Palette Gear stand out for video editors?The Palette Gear is certainly one of the most talked about panels around, and rightfully so. The modular device not only looks cool, but the build quality is also fantastic. This device just feels good. Powerful magnets for easy connections, well-lit attachments that indicate a connection, solid weight — this is not a cheap plastic toy.The Palette Gear was first developed in 2012, and eventually it became a successful Kickstarter campaign. Now that it is fully available to the public, the controller is finding its way into the hands of many creatives. Photographers and photo editors have resoundingly fallen in love with the Palette Gear for it’s spectacular abilities and speed in Adobe Lightroom. But what about video editors? Can the Palette Gear help speed up your workflow? Let’s take a look at current capabilities, and talk about the device’s strengths and weaknesses.The Palette Gear Modules and KitsThe Palette Gear is compatible with Mac and Windows. Of all the various modules, the core is the actual brains of the operation.The core’s USB connection powers all the connected modules, so there is no need for any A/C power. The core features a color OLED screen that displays the program you are working in, as well as the profile name — meaning you can create multiple profiles for various tasks or other editors. From the core, you can then magnetically attach buttons, dials, and sliders in countless variations.Buttons are single-click arcade-style controls. Like all the other modules, they feature a light up edge — the color of which you can customize to keep track of what each module does.Dials are knob controls that also feature button functionality for additional tasks. These are by far the most powerful tools in the entire set.Sliders are simple up-down or left-right controls. They are not mechanical, so they are not as accurate as they could be. More on the sliders later.The Palette Gear is available in three different kits — Starter, Expert, and Professional. The Starter Kit starts at $199 and includes the core, two buttons, a dial, and a slider. The $299 Expert Kit (which this article is reviewing) includes a core, two buttons, three dials, and two sliders. The Professional Kit will set you back $499 and comes with the core, four buttons, six dials, and four sliders.Additionally, you can purchase individual modules for additional customization. Buttons are available for $29 each, and dials and sliders will cost you $49 each. In total, the Palette Gear can support up to 18 modules.The modules are incredibly easy to snap together. Simply connect the pins to the pads. They will magnetically snap together. The modules then light up to indicate successful connections. If you don’t get a light, turn the module and connect it from another side.Setup is equally simple. After installing the PaletteApp, you will see options to create profiles for each of the various programs. The app will display the modules as you connect them. Then you simply click on each module and assign a task to each button, dial, and slider.The Palette Gear Supported ProgramsTo date, the Palette Gear supports FCPX and a majority of Adobe Creative Cloud programs such as Photoshop, Lightroom, and After Effects. The Palette is still in Beta for Premiere Pro and Audition. You can also configure the Palette Gear to replicate keyboard shortcuts and act as a MIDI device. It is currently in Beta to work as a modular Joystick for gamers.There is also a community dedicated to creating and sharing Palette profiles. You can find detailed profiles for Lightroom, like concert photography, basic retouching, temperature control, and more. There are also plenty of keyboard shortcut profiles and custom-mapped programs like Chrome browser hotkeys, Reddit enhancement suite, iTunes, and Spotify.Update: According to a representative at Palette, FCPX is still in Beta.The Palette Gear Capabilities for Video EditorsTo put the Palette Gear through the process for video editors, we ran tests on Premiere Pro, After Effects, and Final Cut Pro X. The results were pretty similar in each test. You’ll immediately want to start mapping as much as you can. It’s fun to try and figure out the best setup, and to program the Palette to your liking.The Palette Gear shines during tasks like color control, which is why it really is great for photo editors. For video editors, most of our repetitive tasks are already keyboard shortcuts. The longer the Palette was on the desk while editing, it became easier to just fall back into using keyboard shortcuts. For video editors, there is no real increase to your editing speed.As for color control, if you are a Premiere Pro editor doing color work in the Lumetri panel, you can map the Palette Gear to help with the overall color grade. Here is a quick glance from Palette.The dials are pretty good for fine tuning, but they are very sensitive. When setting a dial to control exposure, there were times where I would get the image just right, but as I removed my hand from the dial, my thumb would sometimes slightly touch the dial and that would be enough to adjust the image. You can actually solve this issue in the Advanced menu of the PaletteApp. I found lowering the sensitivity gave me better control. You can also press down on the dial to reset.The Palette Gear’s biggest weakness is the slider. The slider is not a mechanical slider, so there is no way to finely control tasks. There is also no true zero-point or middle notch to put the slider back to zero. The slightest movement on the slider can make massive adjustments, and there is no way to reverse that movement without really over-correcting in the opposite direction.Now, you can go into the PaletteApp and lower the slider’s range to prevent very drastic changes — but you are then limiting the slider’s capabilities. I found myself having to use the mouse to double-click on the Temperature and Tint controls in the Lumetri panel to reset them. Since I already move the cursor to those controls, I would then just use the digital sliders in Premiere Pro. In FCPX, the sliders literally do nothing. They are not currently compatible with any FCPX tasks.The sliders were also the only modules that ever gave me trouble. While rearranging the modules to find the best setup, there were a few times where everything was connected but the slider. No matter what I tried, I couldn’t get them to reconnect. I restarted the app to no avail. I cycled the Palette’s power by unplugging the USB cable, and when reconnected, the sliders powered back on.Outside of the Lumetri color controls in Premiere Pro, I didn’t find the Palette Gear to be very much help with actual video editing in Premiere Pro. The same goes for After Effects. There is a definite sci-fi feel to rendering at the push of a button, but Palette Gear’s biggest enemy is the keyboard shortcut. As for FCPX, there was really no point in even mapping the Palette. It doesn’t really do anything in Final Cut Pro X.Any seasoned editor has already mastered the keyboard shortcuts they need. The Palette Gear can be helpful with less-common tasks, but then it’s just a hassle to have the panel connected and the PaletteApp running at all times. (If you have many external hard drives already taking up USB ports, you are very unlikely to even plug in the Palette Gear.)Like I said before, the Palette Gear is still in Beta for Premiere Pro. I am expecting the future Palette models and modules to have even better controls when it comes to color grading, but as far as actual repetitive editing tasks — it’s hard to tell. I will say this: the Palette Gear is a lot of fun, but sometimes you need to work and don’t have time to play.For colorists, you may find the Palette Gear to be a suitable budget panel. For Lightroom photo editors, it’s a fantastic tool. For video editors, there is still much to be desired.For a full breakdown of available options, the following are all the mappable options based on the available programs and Palette Gear modules.Premiere Pro Palette Gear Module OptionsEven in Beta, the Palette Gear has more options in Premiere Pro than FCPX and After Effects. Each module can replicate nearly any simple task. Though the list of options for Premiere Pro is long, there aren’t any magical time-saving tasks to map to the Palette Gear. Everything here is a pretty standard control.Buttons in Premiere ProAdd Color MatteRenderAllAudioPreviewIn to OutEffects & TransitionsRemove TransitionsRemove EffectsVideo TransitionsAdd to Front of ClipsAdditive DissolveNon-Additive DissolveFilm DissolveCross DissolveDip To BlackDip To White Cycle Automation ModesActive, Master, A1-A6 HSL SecondaryDenoiseBlurTemperatureTintContrastSharpenSaturation Audio MixerVolumeActive, Master, A1-A6 ProjectNew ProjectNew SequenceImportImport from Media BrowserExportSave AsClose ProjectNew BinSelect Next SequenceDials in Premiere ProPlayheadEffects & TransitionsOpacityMotionPosition XPosition YScaleScale WidthRotationAnchor Point XAnchor Point YAnti-flicker Filter Toggle RecordActive, Master, A1-A6 KeyingAlpha AdjustColor KeyLuma KeyNon Red KeyUltra KeyDifference MatteRemove MatteImage Matte KeyTrack Matte Key Lumetri ColorBasic CorrectionHDR WhiteTemperatureTintExposureContrastHighlightsShadowsWhitesBlacksHDR SpecularSaturation KeyframesNext KeyframePrevious KeyframeAdd / Remove Video KeyframeAdd / Remove Audio Keyframe CurvesHDR Range Work AreaDurationStartColor CorrectionInput BlackInput WhiteGammaOutput BlackOutput WhiteZoomPlayheadFrame DurationSliders in After EffectsLayer PropertiesOpacityAudio LevelsColor CorrectionInput BlackInput WhiteGammaOutput BlackOutput WhitePlayheadFinal Cut Pro X Palette Gear Module OptionsIf you are an FCPX editor, you will be throughly disappointed in the Palette Gear. You really can’t do much, and it’s not worth the purchase if you are solely planning on using this for editing in Final Cut Pro X.Update: According to a representative at Palette, FCPX is still in Beta.Buttons in Final Cut Pro XFileNew ProjectNew EventImportEditCopyCutPasteUndoRedoAppend to StorylineAdd MarkerDelete Markers in SelectionToolSelect ToolTrim ToolPosition ToolRange Selection ToolBlade ToolZoom ToolHead ToolTrimBladeBlade AllTrim StartTrim EndTrim to PlayheadExtend EditPlayback/NavigationPlay/PausePlay SelectionPlay AroundPlay from BeginningPlay to EndPlay Full ScreenLoop PlaybackFast ForwardRewindGo ForwardGo BackwardGo Forward (10 Frames)Go Backward (10 Frames)Dials in Final Cut Pro XGeneralZoomGo to Next ItemAdjust Any PropertyEditVolumeGo to Previous/Next MarkerPlayback/NavigationMove PlayheadMove Playhead (10 frames)Nudge ClipNudge Clip (10 frames)Sliders in Final Cut Pro XNot Compatible with FCPX.Final ThoughtsThe Palette Gear may one day be a must-have tool for all creatives (specifically those in the Adobe Create Cloud), but right now it’s far more practical for photo editors and amateur colorists using Lumetri (the Palette is not yet compatible with DaVinci Resolve).I found that many of the editing tasks I perform are still faster with keyboard shortcuts. With the inability to really do anything in FCPX, it’s hard to recommend this panel for video editors.That said, if you are a video editor who also shoots photographs or handles amateur color work, you may find the tool helpful in other ways.Review equipment provided by Palette.Have you worked with the Palette Gear? Let us know in the comments.